Material Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory
Grid energy storage is rapidly emerging as a significant market for electrochemical energy storage. Unfortunately, the current generation of lead battery technology is not generally viewed as competitive in this market. With further research and development to optimize performance for grid energy storage, lead batteries can be a safe and economical alternative to the current use of lithium batteries for grid energy storage. The North American lead battery industry has organized to address this need by establishing the Lead Battery Science Research Program (LBSRP). Over 90% of the North American lead battery industry participates in the multi-year LBSRP. Managed by Electric Applications Incorporated, the LBSRP is conducted in cooperation with CBI at the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement. The resources of ANL, including its synchrotron for conducting in operando investigations, provide the capability to perform basic and applied research that is beyond the capability and the resources of any single lead industry company. This increased capability provides the opportunity to assist the lead battery industry in developing a new generation of lead batteries optimized for grid energy storage applications.
This presentation provides an overview of the investigations conducted by the LBSRP during its first three-year program of work. Additionally, an overview of research work planned during the current three-year program is presented.
Tim Fister is a materials scientist in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory. He is an author of over one hundred publications, largely focused on synchrotron x-ray characterization of energy-related materials during operation. He is a PI in multiple US Department of Energy programs related to solid state lithium batteries, synthesis and recycling of cathode materials, multivalent batteries and lead acid for stationary storage applications. He is also a co-lead for the Lead Battery Research Program, a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Argonne and 16 members of the North American lead battery community.